This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Socio-cultural importance : Because of the dexterity of the weavers who demonstrated evincingly great mastery of technique and beauty of design, the art of Akwete-cloth weaving was erroneously believed to have been introduced from Okene in Kwara state where a similar but highly developed style earlier existed. References The first versions of the Akwete were made from cotton on a broad loom called ‘nkwe’. (Akwete), the Yoruba (Aso-Oke), the Hausa (Fari), the Tiv (Anger) the Ebira land (Okene ... woven fabrics of Nigeria reveals the extent the people have advanced in the area of weaving and clothing needs. As is typical of Akwete weaving, the cloth is noticeably wider at one end than the other. Weaving kente cloth on a loom . | Photo by Lisa Aronson. Although some other communities around the region so participate in this craft of cloth weaving, but Akwete is the most renowned of these weaving communities. Meanwhile the hemp material is used to make the likes of ropes, towels and handbags. There’s the horizontal loom used by male weavers and the vertical loom for women weavers. daughters watch and learn the artistic skill . The predominant ethno-linguistic group in this area are the Ebira of Central Nigeria. Akwete: This small town just north of the city of Port Harcourt is one of the last centres of a once much wider tradition of Igbo women’s weaving. With the ability to blend with other materials, there are unlimited possibilities open to this cloth. The town is based in a Local Government Area with the same name. We connect people for trade, production and creative collaborations, craft-based supply chains and artistic intercultural exchange – for more cultural appreciation and less appropriation. Measurements: 75 ins x 51 ins, 192 cm x 130 cm. of cloth in Southeastern Nigeria from its origins through trade to its various levels of assimilation both in use and production. Akwete cloth as it is rightly named is a hand woven cloth produced by the people of Akwete – Ndoki in Abia State of Nigeria. This cloth has motifs that were inspired by those of Ijebu Yoruba aso olona textiles, also traded in the past to Niger Delta communities. The vibrant ‘Akpukpa’, the complex ‘Ahia’ and lastly, the intricate ‘Ogbanaonweya’. The traditional Igbo weaving as demonstrated in Akwete, processes sisal-hemp, raffia and cotton into finished products. Subscribe to our newsletter to receive occasional updates about our projects, craft & maker features. of cloth in Southeastern Nigeria from its origins through trade to its various levels of assimilation both in use and production. Akwete cloth from the 1960s. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Then, the weaver uses a weaving stick to separate the odd and eve warp thread before she winds the weft thread onto a long narrow stick which is passed from side to side.’. This cloth has motifs that were inspired by those of Ijebu Yoruba aso olona textiles, also traded in the past to Niger Delta communities. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Although some other communities around the region so participate in this craft of cloth weaving, but Akwete is the most renowned of these weaving communities. S ocio-cultural importance: Because of the dexterity of the weavers who demonstrated evincingly great mastery of technique and beauty of design, the art of Akwete-cloth weaving was erroneously believed to have been introduced from Okene in Kwara state where a similar but highly developed style earlier existed. Africa | Akwete cloth from the Igbo people of southern Nigeria. Due to its weightier nature, Raffia is often used to make the masquerade outfits and warrior’s head gear. Akwete-cloth weaving in Igboland is basically done by our women in Akwete area near Aba in Abia State. Women’s wrapper from the Igbo peoples, Akwete, Nigeria, early to mid-20th century from David Adjaye Selects at the Cooper-Hewitt. Cloth weaving is an affectionate Nigerian art and the backbone of the ever-evolving Nigerian traditional haute couture. In more recent times, you may also have spotted Nigerian novelist, Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie in the fabric as well. This is a unique feature in the woven fabrics as most end products are two panels joined together. This, along with the cloths vibrant colours and creative designs, helped spread the cloth’s fame. Akwete cloth is a handwoven textile from Igboland, Nigeria. Jul 3, 2017 - Late 19th century Igbo vertical broad loom from the women’s weaving industry at Akwete (southern Igbo area), present day Abia State, Nigeria. The Akwete cloth is a hand-woven fabric from the Akwete area, near Aba in Abia State. While all cotton used in Akwete weaving was once hand spun and hand dyed by women, today, imported dyed yarns are more common, as reflected in this cloth. Akwete cloth is made from Ukwa East Local Government Area, Abia state, Nigeria. As they grow, they weave from 15-30 and 30-50 inches wide. Jones. When it comes to patterns, there are four main ones used in Akwete cloths. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. The fabric was originally referred to as “Akwa Miri” or cloth of the water. A continuous warp thread gives a solid color background for the motifs. We collect and disseminate resources, knowledge and visual communications. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Akwete cloths are distinguished from other textiles produced on the vertical loom by their size. Their techniques are guarded both within the village itself and from one compound to another. Akwete cloth weaving is said to be as old as the Igbo nation. Legend has it that a woman named Dada Nwakata pioneered the intricate woven designs seen today. Ikegwuonu (1999) believes that the origin of Akwete cloth has been thtraced from Ada Nwakata in the 17 and 18th centuries. It is said that she put a spell on her weaving loom to protect her elaborate designs. It’s believed that the designs are revealed to the weavers by the gods. Consequently, girls are taught how to weave Akwete cloth such as this from a … Akwete cloth as it is rightly named is a hand woven cloth produced by the people of Akwete – Ndoki in Abia State of Nigeria. Basden (1966) referred to it as women’s work perfected by the spinning of cotton and weaving the thread into cloth. It is originally referred to as “Akwa Miri” (Cloth of the water) meaning towel. Prince Charles and Princess Diana brought further international recognition to the fabric by commissioning it in 1990. The weavers in Akwete claim to know over a hundred different motifs but not more than three or four are usually used simultaneously on one piece of cloth. The TDS goal is to showcase, celebrate and promote the local fashion industry. author of African Women in the Visual Arts, TDS CREATIVES: Ashley Heather’s Conscience…. Consequently, the excellent attributes of the weaving culture of the people of Nigeria, the Igbo (Akwete), the Yoruba (Aso-Oke), the Hausa (Fari), the Tiv (Anger) the Ebira land (Okene cloth) to mention but a few has been universally acknowledged as being able to cultivate over Nwakata unravelled and studied the textiles these traders brought. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. The more decorative designs are reserved for ceremonies such as chieftaincy conferrals and weddings. || This Akwete cloth combines an 'ikaki' design with several other patterns in a linear grid arrangement, the overall effect of which resembles a strip weave. Anyone who’s been to Africa will attest that it’s a highly animated land of color and soul. Measurements: 75 ins x 51 ins, 192 cm x 130 cm. They retained some of their pre-colonial crafts such as cloth weaving of which the Akwete fabric is a good example and has gained both national and international prominence in recent times. Akwete cloth is a special woven fabric by Igbo women in Akwete area near Aba in Abia State. Akwete cloth gallery. Weaving is a method of textile production in which two distinct sets of yarns or threads are interlaced at right angles to form a fabric or cloth. Originally known as ‘Akwa Miri’ , which translates to ‘cloth of the water’/towel, its purpose stretches across the board. Akwete Co-operative Weaving Society Home Akwete Co-operative Weaving Society Published August 15, 2019 at 1600×1067 in Igbo Weaving and Akwete Fabric: The Future of Sustainable Fashion Could Be Hidden in Our Past . EMMANUEL IFEANYI reports from Aba Nupe: the Nupe live along the river Niger in central Nigeria, around their capital of Bida. Weaving has been an age long profession of women globally. Akwete Ndoki town. Emmanuel Okoro is most noted for his use of the cloth under his brand Emmy Kasbit. Chinasa Chukwu of Weruzo  gravitated towards the cloth because sustainability and cultural preservation is vital to her brand. This town is renowned for and actually named after their traditional weaving methods because they produce “ Mkpuru Akwete ” which directly translates as “ Akwete fabric”. Originally known as ‘Akwa Miri’, which translates to ‘cloth of the water’/towel, its purpose stretches across the board. Akwete cloth is woven as a full wrapper, unlike in other weaving Nigerian towns like Bida, Okene, and Lokoja, where cloths are sewn together to reach wrapper size. The traditional Igbo weaving as demonstrated in Akwete processes sisal-hemp, raffia and spun cotton into finished products. According to him it is a means of transmitting culture from one generation to another. The fabric was originally referred to as “Akwa Miri” (Cloth of the water) which means towel and mostly weaved by the women on a vertical loom. It can take weeks to weave one of these wide masterpieces. The more comfortable and colorful spun cotton is used to weave cloth for everyday wearing. It is said that every woman in Akwete knows how to weave the geometric pat-terns which typify Akwete cloth. Akwete weaving is a form of textile production not practiced elsewhere in Africa. This woven cloth has been traded in the Okene main market from time immemorial, and people travel from far and wide to purchase the beautiful cloth, which varies from a simple weave to more sophisticated patterns. out West Africa for its unique weaving. The Designers Studio connects you to the world of Fashion & Design in Kenya. In 1697, the King of the Ashanti Kingdom, Osei Tutu, selected several weavers from nearby towns and villages to travel to neighbouring Ivory Coast to become experts in the complex art form. Akwete cloth weaving is said to be as old as the Igbo nation. Akwete Cloth. It's where your interests connect you with your people. The local name for Okene Cloth is Ita-inochi. Akwete cloth is wider at one end and longer on one side—a feature that is either deliberate or unpreventable but that cannot be reproduced by weaving machines. The traditional Igbo weaving as demonstrated in Akwete, processes sisal-hemp, raffia and cotton into finished products. A two color warp background is also used which produces a blended color effect. Launched in 2013, Leap Year is a clothing brand made and based in Uganda. AKWETE: Igbo Traditional Textile, Made In Nigeria, Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), LEAP YEAR: The RTW Clothing Lovingly Made In Uganda, ÉKÉTÉ: The Ethical Nigerian Brand Big On Traditional Craftsmanship, DAVID KRYNAUW: Made In SA Furniture Whose Secret Is In The Method. It is originally referred to as “Akwa Miri” (Cloth of the water) meaning towel. See more ideas about african art, african textiles, african. The weaving is done on a loom and there are two types. An Akwete chief, Rufus Nna James, fought for the cloth to garner international attention. Base fabric is mostly low twist yarn cotton, with the decorative motifs consisting of coarser or heavier spun cotton, low twist silk, or shiny rayon. This weaving tradition is considered to be as old as the Igbo nation. KEYWORDS: Akwete, Weaving, Poverty, Alleviation, Tourism INTRODUCTION Akwete cloth is made from Ukwa East Local Government Area, Abia state, Nigeria. This is explained by the inspirational aspect of the development of motifs in the society, certain motifs being regarded as gifts of creative inspiration from a divinity. First, ginning process, by which the cotton seeds are removed from the fibers by rolling a rod over the cotton ball. Although the weaving tradition existed long before European contact between the 14th and 16th century, Portuguese traders inspired the new design. While all cotton used in Akwete weaving was once hand spun and hand dyed by women, today, imported dyed yarns are more common, as reflected in this cloth. In this example of Akwete cloth, the 'ikaki' design is barely detectable. Using hand woven textiles made in Abia Sate, he fashions modern interpretations of dresses, skirts, shorts, suits and jackets. This article uses material from the Wikipedia article Akwete cloth, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. There were many quite localised traditions, most of which have now been abandoned. Inspired to create accessibility and knowledge of the Kenyan fashion brands, TDS was created to search, tell their story and bring them closer to the consumer. Akwete fabric weaving as an indispensable need of humanity because “civilization is nothing without it”. With red symbolizing death, green meaning fertility, white expressing purity, and blue signifying love. Collected In The Late 1930s By Gi. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Kente is no ordinary cloth and is easily recognisable worldwide. The Akwete community considers cloth weaving to be a gift you’re born with. Kente cloth is one of the African most popular and beloved pieces of clothes. Kente cloth is purely hand woven; no machinery is used. Okeke (1985) defined weaving as From everyday use to occasions and masquerades. 1690 x 1780 x 140 mm. There are different patterns & motifs for the cloth. Akwete cloth is wider at one end and longer on one side—a feature that is either deliberate or unpreventable but that cannot be reproduced by weaving machines. The Akwete, a popular cloth weaving is an ancient Igbo craft. With slow and deliberate movements, the tortoise is considered to have king-like qualities. The Akwete craft manages to pass on the tangible history, while easily adapting to modern styles and expressions. Akwete cloth is a special woven fabric by Igbo women in Akwete area near Aba in Abia State. The future belongs to those who believe in the beauty and reality of their dreams. Towns where these traditional industries are located comprises the following towns and villages - Ndoki of Abia State sharing common boundaries with Ndoki, Ijo and Ogoni of River state as a cluster of weaving communities. Bida was once the capital of a Fulani-ruled emirate renowned in West Africa for its craft-works, which include decorative brass casting, embroidery, and glass bead making, as well as both men’s and women’s weaving. Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Only on her passing did her close friend, the only person she allowed to witness her weaving, share the weaving process. The motifs are named after their appearance and often play a role in social status. Akwete town is the headquarters of Ukwa East local government area of Abia state, Nigeria.Akwete is located 18 Kilometers northeast of the oil-rich city of Port Harcourt and 18 Kilometers southeast of the commercial city of Aba.Akwete is an important community of the Ndoki people they belong to the Umuihueze II clan through direct descendency from the first son of Eze Adokiari called Ihu. , it ’ s believed that the origin of Akwete in Abia State, Nigeria an age long profession women... And based in a Local Government area, Abia State Leap Year is a woven cloth woven... Families or occasions because of circumstances pertaining to motif origin his brand Emmy Kasbit and warriors, akwete cloth weaving weaver an... Confirm your subscription 17 and 18th centuries Igboland is basically done by our women Akwete... Access to imported dyes and colored cotton thread has broadened the spectrum brand Emmy Kasbit highly animated land color. 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Meaning of the website delectable dishes to beautiful wildlife, Africa is!... From Igboland, Nigeria to garner international attention TDSCREATIVES: Guerilla couture of Roman…, person. Consent prior to running these cookies akwete cloth weaving your website the Abia State, Nigeria 1990! Apply different methods in which these threads are called the warp and akwete cloth weaving lateral threads are the or! Ogbanaonweya ’ to have king-like qualities Akwete weavers claim that there are different patterns & for...

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