He has called for police to use more lethal force and wants to relax gun laws so that average citizens can defend themselves. Bolsonaro provoked considerable controversy for public remarks made in July 2008, where he proposed to provide poor people with birth control methods, who he suggested might be too uneducated to understand family planning education. Can Pressure From Other Nations Get Brazil to Act? His superior officers said he was "aggressive" and had "excessive ambition to get financial and economical gain". In 2014, he was the congressman who gained the most votes in Rio de Janeiro, with 465,000. [117][118] His supporters, however, claim that his views are more aligned with traditional right-wing conservatism. In a fascist rant delivered during the opening of … [11][32] The assessment referred to Bolsonaro's attempt to mine gold in Bahia state; according to him, the activity was only a "hobby and mental hygiene". [244] One week before the second round, Bolsonaro said during a speech that in his administration "petralhas" and "reds" (i.e. She also said that the situation "does not affect the imminent free trade agreement between Mercosur and the EU". [232], In a June 2011 interview with Playboy, Bolsonaro said that "I would be incapable of loving a gay son", and added that he would prefer any gay son of his "to die in an accident". "[218] He is reported to have attended a Baptist church for 10 years. [37] His term as councilor was used mainly to give visibility to military causes, such as retirement benefits for former officers. [152] In 1999, Bolsonaro said that Hugo Chávez represented "hope for Latin America", comments that became a matter of controversy during the 2018 campaign, when Bolsonaro presented himself as a harsh critic of Chavismo. [...] Bolsonaro has chafed at foreign pressure to safeguard the Amazon rainforest, and he served notice to international nonprofit groups such as the World Wildlife Fund that he will not tolerate their agendas in Brazil. Now, he has sent 44,000 troops to battle the flames. In 1990, two years after that election, he would win the first of seven consecutive terms as a federal deputy. [11] Bolsonaro has publicly referred to the military dictatorship as a "glorious" period in Brazil's history,[150] and that under the military dictatorship, Brazil enjoyed "20 years of order and progress". “Time for Democrats to unite, to overcome difficulties and disagreements, in the name of a greater good called FREEDOM!”. An educated man and woman will hardly desire an extra child with the sole purpose of engaging in a social welfare assistance program [as it is nowadays]. [96][121][122] Just before the 2018 election, however, it was reported that female support for him had risen to 27%. RIO DE JANEIRO -- Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro came out in public to support a small protest Sunday that defended military intervention, prompting strong criticism across the political spectrum while also infringing his own ministry's recommendation to maintain social distancing. [116], Bolsonaro's political views have been described as nationalist and populist in nature, and he himself as an advocate of far-right policies. [89] The day after the attack, Bolsonaro was transferred to the Albert Einstein Israelite Hospital in São Paulo, after a request from his family. Chamber of Commerce gala dinner. [207][208], During a conversation with journalists in July 2019, Bolsonaro lashed out at European leaders, saying that the Amazon belongs to Brazil and European countries can mind their own business because they have already "destroyed their environment". Councillor of Rio de Janeiro (1989–1991), Bolsonaro was born on 21 March 1955 in Glicério, in São Paulo,[24] in southeast Brazil, to Percy Geraldo Bolsonaro and Olinda Bonturi. [48], According to political pundits, Bolsonaro moderated his tone early in the campaign, taking a less aggressive and confrontational style. Jair Bolsonaro was elected President of the Republic in the October 2018 race with 57,797,847 votes (55.13% of the Brazilian electorate). ", "Resultados das Eleições 1994 - Rio de Janeiro - deputado federal", "Folha Online - Especial - 2002 - Eleições", "Folha Online - Especial - 2006 - Eleições - Apuração - Rio de Janeiro - Deputado Federal", "Reeleito deputado pelo Rio, Bolsonaro quase quadruplicou votos em relação a 2010 - Política - iG", "Confira a apuração da votação por estado", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Jair_Bolsonaro&oldid=992596728, Members of the Chamber of Deputies (Brazil) from Rio de Janeiro (state), Social Liberal Party (Brazil) politicians, Social Christian Party (Brazil) politicians, Municipal Chamber of Rio de Janeiro councillors, Articles with Portuguese-language sources (pt), Wikipedia pages semi-protected against vandalism, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles containing Portuguese-language text, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2018, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, One of the world's 100 most influential people by, Person of the Year of Brazilian-American Chamber of Commerce (2019), This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 03:11. Miguel Andrade. The military had been largely out of sight in politics in Brazil for the past three decades. There is no such thing as a secular state. [96] There were also rallies in support of the candidate in sixteen states. [180] With the intention of the U.S. President Donald Trump to make Brazil a NATO member in March 2019, Bolsonaro said: "the discussions with the United States will begin in the coming months". [225][226][227] Bolsonaro then stated that Congresswoman Rosário was "not worth raping; she is very ugly". We believe that it will be good for the world if Brazil and India join this group". At Al Jazeera English, we focus on people and events that affect people's lives. Official records unearthed by the newspaper O Estado de S.Paulo in 2018 detailed the case. Methods [of birth control] have to be provided for those who, unfortunately, are ignorant and have no means to control their offspring. [256], "Bolsonaro" redirects here. [137] He has made statements that some people considered insulting, homophobic,[138] violence-inciting,[139][140][141] misogynistic, sexist,[142][140][141] racist[143][140][141] or anti-refugee. Bolsonaro has rejected the agency's data as false. [70][71][72] He took office on 1 January 2019. [243] During the 2018 campaign, he stated during a rally in Acre that the local "petralhas" (a derogatory term for members of the Workers' Party) would be "shot"; according to his aides, the statement was a "joke". Because of this, Bolsonaro has been called the Brazilian equivalent of Trump or the "Trump of the Tropics". "[221], In an interview with Zero Hora in 2015, Bolsonaro argued that men and women should not receive the same salaries, because women get pregnant, adding that he believes federal law mandating paid maternity leave harms work productivity. [171] "I love Israel," Bolsonaro said in Hebrew at a welcoming ceremony, with Netanyahu at his side, at Tel Aviv's Ben-Gurion airport. [36], He spent only two years in the Municipal Chamber of Rio de Janeiro. There, dozens of tightly-packed protesters, many of whom were not wearing masks, were calling for the Supreme Court and Congress to be shut down. [231] This lawsuit was dismissed by the Supreme Federal Court as Bolsonaro was inaugurated as president in 2019 and acquired immunity from prosecution. He also said: "We preserve more [rainforest] than anyone. He served in the 9th Field Artillery Group, in Nioaque, Mato Grosso do Sul. His environmental and other policies are expected to face closer scrutiny if Joe Biden is elected the next president. Bolsonaro did not attend Maduro's inauguration and recognized Guaidó as the legitimate ruler of Venezuela, alongside Mauricio Macri from Argentina and Donald Trump from the US, among others. [17][18] Multiple controversies marked his administration's first years. From 1991 to 2018 he served in Brazil's Chamber of Deputies, representing the state of Rio de Janeiro. [9] During the 2018 presidential campaign, he started to advocate economically liberal and pro-market policies. His great-grandfather, Vittorio Bolzonaro (the surname was originally written with a Z), was born on 12 April 1878. [10] A polarizing and controversial politician, his views and comments, which have been described as far-right and populist, have drawn both praise and criticism in Brazil.[11][12][13][14]. In the aftermath of these remarks, Bolsonaro was tried and convicted in a Federal court in September 2015 on counts of hedonic damages against Rosário. In the first 59 days, he amassed an average of R$17,000 per day. Last week, Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro said the country lacked the resources to fight the fires ravaging the Amazon rainforest. At a recent rally, President Jair Bolsonaro joined radical protesters calling for Brazilian democracy to be abolished. "[234], In a 2011 interview with Jornal de Notícias, Bolsonaro linked homosexuality to pedophilia, claiming that "many of the children who are adopted by gay couples will be abused by these couples". In his final years in high school, Bolsonaro was admitted to the Escola Preparatória de Cadetes do Exército (the prep school of the Brazilian Army), which he entered in 1973. [82], Bolsonaro was stabbed in the abdomen on 6 September 2018 while campaigning and interacting with supporters in Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais. Brazil’s President Goes to War With Democratic Institutions — and Hopes the Military Has His Back Jair Bolsonaro warmly greeted protesters who called for … Amtssitz: Palácio do Planalto (Arbeitsplatz) Palácio da Alvorada (Dienstwohnung) Amtszeit: 4 Jahre (aufeinanderfolgende Wiederwahl einfach möglich) Schaffung des Amtes: 15. November 1889 Letzte Wahl: 7./28. The congressman claimed to have suffered homophobic offenses from Jair Bolsonaro and his allies. He has been affiliated with several other Brazilian political parties over the years. A Military Junta or Junta Militar ruled Brazil from August 31 to October 30, 1969, between the sudden illness of President Artur da Costa e Silva and the swearing-in of Emílio Garrastazu Médici as his successor. [45][46] Though contested by two lawsuits, the Superior Electoral Court of Brazil deferred them and his candidacy was made official on 6 August. [158], In March 2019, Bolsonaro stated that the 1964 coup d'état that overthrew President João Goulart[159] was not a coup, and that March 31, the day the coup was installed, should be "properly commemorated". [251] None of the bills were voted. It is a work for everyone". [228] The remarks drew considerable condemnation throughout Brazil. [106], Since his election, his popularity is steadily declining. ", "Bolsonaro anuncia astronauta Marcos Pontes como ministro da Ciência e Tecnologia", "Saiba quem são os 22 ministros da Esplanada de Bolsonaro", "Brazil top judge becomes justice minister", "Bolsonaro escolhe deputada Tereza Cristina para chefiar Ministério da Agricultura - Política", "All Smiles in Brasilia as Macri and Bolsonaro Reset Relationship", "Brazil, Argentina step up pressure on Venezuela's Maduro", "Brazil's Bolsonaro pledges action to 'restore democracy' in Venezuela", "Brazil's Bolsonaro Fires Key Adviser Amid Accusations of Campaign-Finance Fraud", "Desaprovação do Governo Bolsonaro supera aprovação pela primeira vez, mostra pesquisa Atlas Político", "Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro tests positive for coronavirus", "Coronavirus: Bolsonaro downplays threat of pandemic to Brazil", "Just like Trump, Brazil's Bolsonaro puts the economy ahead of his people during coronavirus", "Brazil's Jair Bolsonaro says coronavirus crisis is a media trick", "Brazil President Jair Bolsonaro Says He Tested Negative for Coronavirus", "Brazil's Bolsonaro says he has 'mold' in his lungs as his wife tests positive for Covid-19", "Brazil leader rapped for stirring doubt on COVID-19 vaccine", "Brazil's Bolsonaro says COVID-19 vaccinations will not be mandatory", "Datafolha: aprovação de Bolsonaro sobe para 37%, a melhor do mandato, e reprovação cai para 34%", "Far-right presidential hopeful aims to be Brazil's Trump", "Brazil's rising tide of young conservatives seeks change", "Renda, estudo e região separam eleitores de Lula e Bolsonaro", "Nichos realçam contrastes de eleitores de Lula e Bolsonaro", "Ibope mostra queda de 8 pontos de Bolsonaro na região Sul", "A Brazilian Far-Right Populist and the Women Who Like Him", "Jair Bolsonaro beyond the sound bites: What are his policies? Judge Luciana Teixeira said that the deputy had abused his right of free expression to commit a wrongful act. Government coronavirus handouts have made Brazil's right-wing president Jair Bolsonaro unexpected friends. We need to adopt a rigid birth control policy. [2] He moved to the reserve in 1988 with the rank of captain and ran for the Rio de Janeiro City Council that year, elected as a member of the Christian Democratic Party. Bolsonaro said: I wish Brazil had a family planning program. . Brazil's President Is Sending The Military To Fight The Amazon Fires As Protests Grow Worldwide. [190], On 7 March 2020, Bolsonaro was hosted by the U.S. President Donald Trump at Mar-a-Lago for a working dinner, where the two leaders discussed the U.S.-led effort to oust Venezuelan President Nicolás Maduro, a future trade deal and peace for the Middle East, also Trump reaffirmed his interest in upgrading the American military alliance with Brazil, suggesting give to the country a full NATO membership, as part of an effort to fortify the Western Hemisphere against Russian and Chinese influence. "You cannot deliberately attack and humiliate, ignoring the principles of equality, just because you invoke freedom of expression," said the judge.[238]. He argued that those territories have very tiny isolated populations, who would be controlled by NPOs, and proposed to integrate them into the larger Brazilian society. Brazil Military Strength (2020) For 2020, Brazil is ranked 10 of 138 out of the countries considered for the annual GFP review. But between 1964 and 1985, the military was in direct command of the state, imposing indirectly elected generals as president. Bolsonaro finished in first place with 46% of the popular vote (49.2 million). He graduated from the Agulhas Negras Military Academy in 1977 and served in the Brazilian Army's field artillery and parachutist units. "[169] The announcement was warmly received by the Prime Minister of Israel, Benjamin Netanyahu, who welcomed Bolsonaro to Israel in March 2019 during the final weeks of a re-election campaign,[170] but was met with condemnation from the Arab League, which warned Bolsonaro it could damage diplomatic ties. It is being reported that, under pressure from the Army, Walter Braga Netto is now the “ operational president” of Brazil, with Jair Bolsonaro effectively stripped of his decision making powers. PSL members have said that if elected, he will dramatically improve relations between the United States and Brazil. For six-year-old children, it cannot be. Environmental and climate experts described Bolsonaro's accusation as a "smokescreen" to hide his own government's rolling back of protections for the Amazon. We have almost 5% of atheists in Brazil, and they have the same needs that others have. If I were a cadet in the military academy and saw you on the street, I would whistle at you. März 1955 in Glicério, Bundesstaat São Paulo) ist ein brasilianischer Politiker.Nach der Präsidentschaftswahl in Brasilien 2018 ist er seit dem 1. [175] U.S. National Security Advisor John Bolton praised Bolsonaro as a 'like-minded' partner and said his victory was a "positive sign" for Latin America. . The president leads the executive branch of the federal government and is the commander-in-chief of the Brazilian Armed Forces. [172], Bolsonaro has also praised U.S. President Donald Trump and his foreign policy.,[163] with Bolsonaro being named ‘the tropical Trump’. 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